Stone Giants On average, they stand 13 feet high and weigh 14 tons, human heads-on-torsos carved in the male form from rough hardened volcanic ash. The islanders call them "moai," and they have puzzled ethnographers, archaeologists, and visitors to the island since the first European explorers arrived here in In their isolation, why did the early Easter Islanders undertake this colossal statue-building effort?
Heritage site - Rapa Nui National Park
Unfortunately, there is no written record and the oral history is scant to help tell the story of this remote land, its people, and the significance of the nearly giant moai that punctuate Easter Island's barren landscape.
What do they mean? The moai and ceremonial sites are along the coast, with a concentration on Easter Island's southeast coast. Here, the moai are more 'standardized' in design, and are believed to have been carved, transported, and erected between AD and They stand with their backs to the sea and are believed by most archaeologists to represent the spirits of ancestors, chiefs, or other high-ranking males who held important positions in the history of Easter Island, or Rapa Nui, the name given by the indigenous people to their island in the s.
Archaeologist Jo Anne Van Tilburgwho has studied the moai for many years, believes the statues may have been created in the image of various paramount chiefs. They were not individualized portrait sculptures, but standardized representations of powerful individuals. The moai may also hold a sacred role in the life of the Rapa Nui, acting as ceremonial conduits for communication with the gods.
According to Van Tilburg, their physical position between earth and sky puts them on both secular and sacred ground; secular in their representation of chief and their ability to physically prop up the sky, and sacred in their proximity to the heavenly gods. Van Tilburg concludes, "The moai thus mediates between sky and earth, people and chiefs, and chiefs and gods. The word "ahu" has two meanings in Easter Island culture. First, an ahu is the flat mound or stone pedestal upon which the moai stand.
The ahus are, on average, about four feet high. The word 'ahu' also signifies a sacred ceremonial site where several moai stand. Ahu Akivi, for example, is an ahu site with seven standing moai. She reported, "A total of monolithic statues has been located by the survey to date on Easter Island Another 92 are recorded as "in transport," 47 of these lying in various positions on prepared roads or tracks outside the Rano Raraku zone.The fifteen moai of Ahu Tongariki.
E veryone knows something about Easter Island, or Rapa Nui as it is called on the island. The island is remarkable just for the fact that it is inhabited at all. Easter Island, so named because it was encountered in by Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen on Easter Sunday, is located more than a thousand miles from any other land mass.
The island contains more than stone statues, called moai mo-eyeabout 50 of which were transported over long distances, and ahu, the stone constructions that supported many of the moai. The moai, which are thought to represent venerable ancestors, are massive heads with torsos made from volcanic tuff from the interior and exteriors slopes of an ancient volcano called Ranu Raraku on the southeast side of the island. Standing moai range from 6 to 35 feet in height and weigh as much as 82 tons.
The red top knots pukao that adorn some of the moai were made from red volcanic rock from Punapau Crater. The exteriors of the moai were originally smoothed, and sometimes carved, but are now mostly eroded. The moai were toppled for unknown reasons sometime after the initial European contact postperhaps clan warfare, but re-installed in modern times.
Distribution of maoi statue sites on Rapa Nui. From Richards at el. Norwegian adventurer Thor Heyerdahl — proposed an early idea about how Polynesia in general was colonized. Heyerdahl thought that the Polynesian islands were colonized by the indigenous inhabitants of South America, based on perceived similarities in watercraft, architecture, and oral history.
He demonstrated the feasibility of travelling from South America to Polynesia by piloting a balsa wood raft from Callao, Peru to the island of Raoria in —some 4, miles—which he describes in fascinating detail in Kon-Tiki. This was perhaps the most ambitious experimental archaeology ever conducted.
Today there is even a museum dedicated to the journey in Oslo, Norway. Heyerdahl thought the Long Ears represented the original inhabitants from South America who arrived around AD according to radiocarbon dates; These people, he supposed, were the ones who built the remarkable stone monuments. The Short Ears, he argued, were Polynesian interlopers who came sometime later and clashed with the Long Ears, effectively killing them off around along with their spectacular culture based on the moai.
Today, the genetic, linguistic and archaeological evidence does not support of large-scale South American colonization. Though a recent study suggests that modern Rapanui have genetic overlaps with South Americans, analysis of prehistoric skeletons would be necessary to make a solid claim for South American colonists because the Rapanui were known to have traveled as slaves to South America, but returned to the island later.
Future genetics could reveal a very different story of Easter Island. Critics of Heyerdahl have pointed to the absence of South American domesticates maizebeans, squashthe lack of potteryand absence of pressure flaking techniques so common in the Americas. Many have noted that sailing craft like the one used by Heyerdahl did not exist until after European contact and also his watercraft was towed out fifty nautical miles before setting sail, avoiding a northward current. Other critics have been more scathing in their critique.
Flickr, Creative Commons. Photo: c nilson. The island had the South American sweet potato and bottle gourd, so contact of some sort of contact is not out of the question, but certainly not demonstrated. There are parallels to Rapa Nui monuments elsewhere in the Pacific, so South American masons and hyper-diffusionism do not have to be invoked in order to explain the stone monuments on Rapa Nui.
Other Polynesian islands built monumental structuressuch as the trilithon of Tonga or the Takaii of Hiva Oa. On nearby Pitcairn, the mutineers of the Bounty, pushed stone statues installed on a platform off a cliff the island was uninhabited when the mutineers landed there. Some have suggested that Polynesians contacted South Americans and not the other way around. Some moai were situated on ahu.
Some have red volcanic tops and long ears. Polynesians were master sailors. Based on computer simulations, it would have been impossible to colonize the furthest reaches of Polynesia without a sail, though there are documented cases of rafts without sails drifting off course from islands.Ciao Antonella, ho letto il tuo bell'intervento sul blog di Tipipittori, cosi ho deciso di venire a a curiosare.
APEdario e' bellissimo e penso che provero' ad usare it tuoi esercizi con mia figlia per insegnarle l'italiano. Viviamo negli Stati Uniti, cosi naturalmente lei frequenta e frequentera' daycare e scuole americane. Sta a noi genitori mantenere vivo il ricordo della lingua madre I libri e gli spunti di conversazione che suggerisci potrebbero aiutarci a rendere l'apprendimento dell'italiano divertente e rilevante per la nostra bimba e al tempo stesso darci modo di affrontare argomenti importanti nella sua educazione.
Grazie mille per aver deciso di condividere questa tua esperienza. Un abbraccio Maura da Chicago :. Che dirti, Maura? Per qualche tempo ho cullato l'idea di riuscire, con questo progetto, a realizzare un libro.
A presto, Maura Come parlare ai bambini della rabbia? Ma come dare libero sfogo a questa rabbia, permettendole di uscire da noi, per non devastarci, ma dandole nello stesso tempo una forma socialmente accettabile?
Bruno Tognolini ci propone un espediente: utilizzare la lingua, le parole, come mezzo per esprimere la rabbia canalizzandola Come incomincia:. Rima di rabbia. Rabbia, rabbia. Fiato di sabbia. Sangue di gioco. Fiore di fuoco. Fiammeggia al sole. Consuma tutto. Lasciami il cuore.
Pulito e asciutto. Proposte per la didattica: lingua italiana. La consonante R. Suggeriamo ai grandi di sfidarsi a colpi di epiteti e filastrocche, presi dal libro sopra citato:.As a young boy, Tom Fassbender remembers being fascinated by Easter Island while watching In Search Ofbut he never thought he'd have the chance to actually visit the place — then his family decided to travel around the world. You know the one-it delved into all sorts of mysterious phenomenon and pseudoscience, famously narrated by Leonard Nimoy.
I don't think I missed an episode, but the one that really stuck with me was episode 17, "The Easter Island Massacre. I remember watching, rapt with attention, as Nimoy's deep monotone introduced me to this small island filled with giant heads and how they might have come to be there.
The day after the show aired, I hunted down Thor Heyerdahl's Aku Aku from the school library and checked it out and kept checking it out as often as I could, if only to look at the pictures. I was really fascinated with the place, but I never thought I'd ever see these mythical giant heads up close for myself. That is, until my wife and I started planning our year-long family trip around the world. Suddenly a visit to Easter Island was a very real possibility. You can get there by boat, but that takes awhile, and the only way to get there by plane is through Santiago, Chile.
And that's it. Well, technically, you can also get there via the once-weekly flight from Tahiti LANbut to do that, you obviously need to get to Tahiti first. Luckily for us, Chile ended the reciprocity fee for U.
Citizens earlier this year. We didn't buy ours when we landed our plane had been delayed, so we landed after midnight, and we were tiredbut it would have saved us an extra trip to the National Park office on the southwestern corner of the island. Without the tickets which are good for a generous five days you can't visit the quarry at Rano Raraku where most of the heads are or the stone hut village at Orongo.
The main industry on Easter Island is tourism, and, as a result, there's no shortage of places to stay. To quote Dale Cooper, it was " a clean place, reasonably priced. The main form of currency used on the island is Chilean Pesos, but plenty of places take U.
The shops don't give a great exchange rate though, so bring along a good supply of both currencies. If you need more pesos, there are only two ATMs we found on the island, and, as our guide would later tell us, one of them doesn't always work.
You don't need a guide to tour the island, but, in our experience, hiring a guide will greatly enhance the experience. Learning about how the giant stone heads were carved. Our style is not that of the large tour group, so we were fortunate that on our first day, Tiare from Easter Island Guides was available. Tiare is a Rapa Nui native who grew up on Easter Island, and she knows a lot about the island's rich history.Posta un commento.
R come rabbia. Come incomincia:. Levati quelle scarpacce! Per cena ci sono gli spinaci. Ecco come due bambini hanno reinterpretato graficamente il momento culminante del racconto:. Motivo di moltissime arrabbiature sono i fratelli, specie maggiori. Ma come parlare ai bambini della rabbia? Ma come dare libero sfogo a questa rabbia, permettendole di uscire da noi, per non devastarci, ma dandole nello stesso tempo una forma socialmente accettabile?
Bruno Tognolini ci propone un espediente: utilizzare la lingua, le parole, come mezzo per esprimere la rabbia canalizzandola Rabbia, rabbia.
Improperio del regno animale Faccia di porco, puzza di cane. Grande successo ha riscosso anche la. Rima di chi viene prima. Noi siamo in prima. Voi non potete diventare come noi. Noi siamo prima. Facciamo meglio rima. Che secondini o che terzini come voi. Siamo primini. Levatevi il berretto.
Ciucciateci i calzini. E portateci rispetto. Ti cascasse il moccico dal naso. Una comitiva di dodici animali si imbarca su un traghetto in compagnia del comandante. Riusciranno a trovare un modo per andare d'accordo e godersi finalmente la vacanza e la compagnia? C'era una volta una grande nave traghetto sulla quale venne imbarcato un gruppo di passeggeri molto speciale.
Erano dodici animali, che provenivano da diverse parti del mondo: l'elefante Arturo, la formica Rosalia, il leone Evaristo, il pinguino Ettore, il riccio Gino, lo struzzo Giacinto, lo squalo Ivo, la giraffa Teodora, la bertuccia Attilia, l'aquila Clelia, il coccodrillo Ubaldo e il serpente Oreste!
Una volta in mezzo all'oceano, superato il primo momento di timidezza, gli animali cominciarono a esplorare tutti gli angoli della nave e a prendere confidenza con i compagni di viaggio Ecco alcune pagine.
In un susseguirsi di illustrazioni dal tratto leggero, William Wondriska ci racconta una storia delicata che con semplice immediatezza ricorda a grandi e piccini il valore della tolleranza. La tartaruga era arrabbiata. L'elefante era arrabbiato. Etichette: Apedario si presentaRrabbiasentimenti.
Nessun commento:. Iscriviti a: Commenti sul post Atom.The statues have inspired widespread speculation, awe, and wonder for centuries. Rapa Nui is often seen as a cautionary example of societal collapse.
These catastrophes, the collapse narrative explains, resulted in the destruction of the social and political structures that were in place during precolonial times, though the people of Rapa Nui survive and persist on the island to the present day.
This finding, drawing on new statistical methods and excavation work, suggests that the Rapanui were not destitute when the first Europeans arrived. The new work is controversial, and not everyone is convinced. Instead of the Rapanui hastening their own destruction prior to European contact, it is possible that the people of the island may have been the victims of European exploration and exploitation.
Dreams Do Come True - Rapa Nui National Park
Rapa Nui is one of the most remote islands in the world. A tiny speck in the eastern Pacific, it sits more than 2, miles west of South America and is about 1, miles from its nearest island neighbor, Pitcairn Island. They vary in configuration, though most are typically rectangular in shape and are made of basaltic stones neatly fitted together. In addition to their use as statue platforms, the ahu functioned as shrines and places of burial. DiNapoli and his colleagues used existing radiocarbon dates from previous excavations at 11 different ahu sites.
They employed what is called Bayesian analyses, which allow scientists to model the probability of specific events, to build a more precise timeline of construction activities at each site. The new research indicates that ahu construction began soon after the first Polynesian settlers arrived on the island and continued even after European contact in This timeline argues against the hypothesized societal collapse occurring around The downturn of the islanders, DiNapoli and his colleagues claim, began only after Europeans ushered in a period characterized by disease, murder, slave raiding, and other conflicts.
Jo Anne Van Tilburg, an archaeologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, is skeptical that all the radiocarbon dates used by the team reflect specifically ahu-related building events. If Europeans were to blame for the decline of Rapanui society, it would be similar to what happened to Indigenous peoples elsewhere.
Diamond never described the collapse as a one-time event, Van Tilburg explains, but rather as a series of events that ultimately resulted in destructive societal changes that were hastened by European contact. Early 20th-century oral historians working on Rapa Nui theorized that an internecine clash had occurred between islanders.
The fate of Rapa Nui has been heatedly debated over the last several years with the development of new theories and innovative techniques, such as Bayesian methods. For many archaeologists, the pre-contact collapse theory is ripe for questioning.
If Europeans were to blame for the decline of Rapanui society, that explanation is similar to what happened to other Indigenous peoples elsewhere throughout the world, DiNapoli notes.
You have free article s left. Already a subscriber? Sign in.This was a magical visit to Easter Island. The national park and visitor sites won't disappoint.
We used a Tours by Locals Jennifer and saw the island in one day. She was so knowledgeable. We spent 3 days and 2 nights on Easter Island and wished we had spent 1 more. The small town is interesting to walk around. Make sure you get your pass at the airport or in town. Don't listen to tour company, like mine, which said you could get it on the day. Not Possible. There are many excellent sites to visit, some OK ones and others that seem to be fillers.
If you're driving yourself be careful and alert for cows and particularly horses as they roam on the badly pot holed roads, and the car in front of me had the windscreen smashed by a horse jumping. There are several areas around Easter Island where you can see the iconic mysterious statues you have seen on travel post cards and brochures for years. They are pretty spectacular in real life to see. I highly recommend hiring a good guide with transportation to help you understand the history among the various sites.
I totally disagree with the reviewer who said the locals were rude. Yes - some things cost more, but think of the cost of getting everything to the island, and the cost of maintaining the displays. Experiencing this is a must for any interested World Travellers.
Totally mind blowing.
Words are not enough. It's even more fascinating that I expected, especially as told through the experiences of the Rapa Nui people. Hire local guides and the mysteries will unfold.